Allah the Almighty, Who created the heavens and the earth, the visible and the invisible, the living and the nonliving creatures out of nothing, created them all in their proper places based on wisdom in accordance with His name al-Hakim. The creation of humankind, ashraf al-makhluqat (the most honorable creature), at whose service the earth and the heavens, the Sun, and the Moon were placed, is also based on many wisdoms. Humanity, which was made superior to other beings by their intellect and willpower, has also become a responsible being thanks to these qualities. The world of life began for humankind with Prophet Adam, who was given the task of rendering the earth prosperous, which is humankind’s responsibility. Since the time of Prophet Adam, who was not only the first human being but also the first prophet, Allah (swt) has shown humankind the path of guidance, taught them the truth, and prevented them from going astray through the teaching of the prophets He has sent them and the divine books He has revealed. Our Prophet Muhammad (saw) was sent as the last member of the chain of prophets, and the Holy Qur’an was sent as the last divine book.

The most essential characteristic of the Qur’an, the word of Allah, is that it is a guide for humanity, leading to “the most upright” in accordance with the truth: “Surely this Qur’an guides to what is most upright, and gives good news to the believers— who do good—that they will have a mighty reward.” (Isra, 17:9) The “most upright” emphasized in this verse has been explained in terms of the religion of Islam, the most correct path, the best deeds, righteous deeds, etc. (Maturidi, Ta’wilat Ahl al-Sunnah, 7/11- 12; Zamakhshari, Al-Kashshaf, 2/651) The most upright is first and foremost the religion of Islam, that is, its basic teachings of the true faith and good deeds. The Qur’an gives glad tidings of great reward to believers who have strong faith and righteous deeds and draws attention to what is necessary for people to find the truth by informing them that Allah has prepared a severe punishment for those who do not believe in the Hereafter (Isra, 17:10) (Kur’an Yolu, 3/465). Thus, the Qur’an warns people against wrongdoing by pointing out what is wrong and wants them to reach the most upright path by pointing out what is right.