Mosques are at the center of Islamic civilization. As the safe havens of peace and tranquility on earth, mosques are the places where Muslims come together to worship Allah, talk amongst themselves, keep each other informed, and consult on social issues.

Fourteen centuries ago, Allah revealed the Qur’an, the last book of salvation, to mankind through His servant and messenger, Prophet Muhammad (saw). People of all classes, ages, and backgrounds came together under the roof of the same faith, sharing the same feelings and thoughts. The sincere unity of the believers, shaped with the guidance of revelation, created a brand new model of humanity and society. At the center of this social structure are the mosques, each of which is a spiritual candle.

Throughout history, Muslims have built their cities centered on mosques; they have positioned their houses, educational institutions, marketplaces, and common areas of use around the mosques. The fact that the mosque is at the center of life is not only a physical condition but also a civilizational system that includes the worldview. Islamic sciences, Islamic arts, and Islamic architecture were largely manifested in this mosque-centered social life; they developed by blending with different cultures and societies and led to the emergence of magnificent examples of cities, mosques, and madrasas in Mecca, Madinah, Qurtubah (Córdoba), Baghdad, Istanbul, and Samarqand.

The First Mosque on Earth