The significance of place is a key factor in influencing individuals. The beliefs and values held by individuals also shape their connection to a place. Throughout history, humanity has constructed buildings that reflect its own thoughts and beliefs. In this context, the masjid plays a significant role for Muslims on the axis of faith, worship, and morality. The construction of a masjid by Prophet Muhammad in Medina following the hijrah stands as an enduring example for Muslims, emphasizing the unity of mosques and people. Hence, traditional Islamic cities center on the mosques, and life flows around the mosques.

Hagia Sophia, despite emerging on the historical stage about 15 centuries ago, remains a monument of intense attention to this day. The conquest of Istanbul holds significance not only for the Muslim world but also for world history. This momentous event has set unique examples in the name of humanity and morality, faith and values, freedom, and reconstruction. The Prophet’s (saw) words praising the conquest of Istanbul were the driving force behind Mehmed II’s decision to undertake the conquest. Seeking to be the recipient of the Prophet’s glad tidings, Mehmed II embraced this ambition when he was still a young boy. The above[1]mentioned hadith can be seen on a plaque dated 1109/1698, which is placed near the Emperor’s Door of Hagia Sophia. On the morning of Tuesday, May 29, 1453, on this historic day that ushered in an era and ended another, the people took refuge in Hagia Sophia with fear and anxiety. When the Sultan entered this magnificent building, he was first impressed by its splendor and magnificence and thanked Allah for the conquest. He granted life and safety to the anxiously awaiting people and then performed the prayer of gratitude in a suitable place within Hagia Sophia. The khutbah for the conquest was delivered, and Friday prayers were performed in Hagia Sophia. Consequently, Mehmed II earned the title of the Conqueror for capturing the city, often referred to as the pearl of the east and the west. To commemorate the victory, Mehmed the Conqueror converted the city’s largest church into a mosque but retained the name Hagia Sophia, which means “Wisdom of God”. Therefore, this place of worship became one of the symbols of the Muslim world and Istanbul became a sister city to Mecca, Medina, and al-Quds.

Mehmed the Conqueror marking the end of an 86- year hiatus. The reopening of the Grand Mosque was met with immense joy in the Muslim world and continues to attract Muslims from around the globe.