Muslims, regardless of their race, language, or age, come together in mosques, instilled with the security that the belief of tawhid brings to their hearts. Muslims who come together for prayer, experience the peace of belonging to a community that shares common values, feelings, and thoughts within the walls of the mosques. Mosques, which gather and unite believers are central to the Islamic concept of urban life. It must be acknowledged that the decisions taken by Prophet Muhammad (saw) upon his arrival in Madinah, as well as the activities he carried out, had a significant impact on this matter.

When the Prophet Muhammad (saw) began openly conveying the message, the polytheists in Mecca subjected the believers to unspeakable oppression and torture. As the hardships increased day by day, Muslims sought a safe haven. Consequently, the land of Abyssinia became the first refuge for those persecuted for their faith. In the subsequent years, the escalating intensity of oppression and persecution made it imperative for the Prophet (saw) to look for a land that would provide sanctuary for all Muslims. In 622, as a result of the agreement made with the Muslims from Yathrib, this search came to an end, and those who had suffered various forms of persecution in Mecca gradually left the city and settled in Yathrib. This town, named “City of the Prophet” after the Prophet’s migration, henceforth became known as Madinah.